Bees produce honey from the nectar of plants. Nectar itself is composed mainly of sucrose and water.
Bees add enzymes that create additional chemical compounds, inverting the sucrose into fructose and glucose, and then evaporate the water so that the resulting product will resist spoiling.
One tablespoon of natural sweetener honey contains 64 calories.
According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Nutrient Database, honey offers trace sources of vital minerals, as well as trace amounts of important vitamins. Honey also contains trace enzymes and amino acids, according to the National Honey Board.
- 80% natural sugar — mostly fructose and glucose. Due to the high level of fructose, honey is sweeter than table sugar.
- 18% water. The less water content the honey has, the better the quality of honey.
- 2% minerals, vitamins, pollen and protein. – The vitamins present in honey are B6, thiamin, niacin, riboflavin, pantothenic acid and certain amino acids . The minerals found in honey include calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, sodium and zinc.